Cannabis oils are extracts from cannabis plants containing CBD and THC dissolved in edible oils. The compounds CBD and THC are the essential ingredients of CBD oils. By interacting with our central nervous system receptors, both components can affect our physical and mental functions.
It’s commonly believed that CBD has beneficial health properties, whereas THC comes with intoxicating effects. Many important questions arise about the best available CBD oil that needs to be carefully addressed. For example, “Is CBD legal in Canada?” This article will comprehensively delve into these details.
Cannabis Oil; The Basics
Cannabis (hemp plant or Cannabis sativa) is a flowering plant that belongs to the Cannabaceae family, and cannabis oils are concentrated extract from this plant. This extract is then dissolved in edible oils like sunflower or olive oil to yield CBD oil.
To extract the CBD compound, manufacturers of cannabidiol utilize multiple methods such as steam distillation, extraction by solvent, CO2 extraction, olive oil extraction, and so forth. After that, the extracted cannabinoids are added to a carrier oil, for example, MCT oil or hemp seed oil.
For the moment, oil is perhaps the most favourable means of administration for cannabis users. Its high concentration allows the user to consume a hefty dose of CBD in an easily digestible form.
If you worry about the stigma associated with the typical smell (smoking or vaporizing), especially at work or around family, be aware that the best CBD oil has no scent. It’s necessary to understand CBD and its benefits to overcome the stigma associated with cannabis products.
What Are Cannabis Oil’s Ingredients
We’re primarily interested in two ingredients in these plants: cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis oils contain about 100 active components, with concentrations depending on the particular plant from which the oil is extracted. Cannabis plants usually have a lot of CBD but very little THC content.
Cannabidiol has no noticeable psychoactive effect. Recreational cannabis users typically favour THC, whereas cannabis oils with high CBD contents have medical uses. Skunk cabbage, on the other hand, contains much more THC than hemp plants. A type of cannabis oil with high THC content is called “Simpson oil.”
CBD is a naturally occurring remedy people typically use to treat common, minor ailments. CBD doesn’t produce any form of intoxication or “high” produced by the other cannabinoid called THC. Although it’s still controversial, many consume CBD oil due to its health benefits.
History Behind Cannabis sativa
The medical uses of Cannabis sativa have been praised for more than 3,000 years. There’s historical evidence in ancient Egypt and even before that in China suggesting Cannabis sativa was used as a medicine.
Ancient Egyptian physicians in the Ebers Papyrus spoke of this plant. Ebers Papyrus is Egyptian medical literature on herbal knowledge dating to circa 1550 B.C. Some of these plants have high THC content as the psychoactive substance responsible for the “high” resulting from consuming cannabis leaves, flowers, and resin.
How Does Cannabis Oil Work
Scientists have suggested that cannabidiol interacts with receptors in our central nervous system. Due to the lack of sufficient research on the health benefits of CBD products, we don’t fully know how exactly they function. However, cannabis research is gaining momentum as CBD products are becoming legalized in various regions and countries.
The human body produces some cannabinoid compounds itself, termed “endocannabinoids.” This production is mainly related to (and controlled by) the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in our body. The ECS system receives and translates signals from cannabinoids, regulating functions like pain, immune-system responses, and sleep.
CBD interacts with the body’s naturally occurring cannabinoid receptors, which are involved in body processes such as memory, pain, and appetite. The chemical THC causes a “high” feeling when it enters the body. This THC substantially affects the brain’s endocannabinoid receptors, activating the brain’s reward system. If you wish to have a THC-free product (pure CBD), you should try CBD isolates.
Subsequently, pleasure-related chemicals like dopamine are produced. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter made by our body and nervous system to transfer nerve impulses across nerve cells. Dopamine also has some significant effects on how we think and plan.
In terms of the impacts on our nervous system, CBD is entirely different from THC. Both have very complex effects on our physical and mental processes. CBD is thought not to produce the “high feeling” and doesn’t damage our natural functions.
However, it has some complex effects on the body and uses its endocannabinoids more effectively. The primary takeaway is that THC, being one of the 113 cannabinoids obtained from cannabis, is the leading cause of intoxication. CBD products can increase anandamide in our bodies.
Anandamide is a neurotransmitter that regulates and controls pain perception and improves our mood. By restricting inflammation in the brain and nervous system, cannabidiol can also be helpful to people who have insomnia and specific immune system responses.
The findings above support the hypothesis that CBD has specific calming, anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Individuals with depression or anxiety use CBD to relieve their symptoms (as a substitute for certain pharmaceutical medications). CBD can help soothe physical pain, e.g., joint and muscle pain and sleep disorders.
Is Cannabis Oil Addictive
Addiction is defined as a complex psychological and physiological response to specific stimuli. It is directly related to changes in brain function and structure. Addiction experts have outlined three parameters that can influence addictive processes.
One of these factors is the prolonged use of certain substances. Consuming certain substances too much or for too long can cause certain dependence in prefrontal cortex nerve cells. The user then starts seeking out the addictive substance more frequently, leading to a less potent dopamine release. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter your body produces to send messages between nerve cells.
Up to now, a clear link between CBD and cognitive alterations has not been observed. Without producing intoxication, CBD is not addictive. Additionally, It’s been suggested that CBD is potentially beneficial for easing addiction and withdrawals from many substances, such as nicotine, alcohol, heroin, and opioids.
Even THC, present in CBD oils, isn’t physically addictive. Scientists estimate that 91% of marijuana users never become problematic, with only 9% forming improper habits around the use of the plant.
How Is Cannabis Oil Consumed
You can consume CBD oils with homemade topical creams, edibles (not heated above 280 degrees), beverages, or pre-portioned capsules.
Usually, CBD oils come with droppers, making it easy for a precisely measured dose every time. These droppers allow you to place a few drops under the tongue or in your food. Also, CBD oils can come in sprays, but they’re not as common as droppers.
Keep in mind you should experiment to find the proper dosages as far as your recipe of choice is concerned. Start low and go slow. You can then find the correct dose that works for you in meals, drinks, etc.
Here are a few common ways to consume CBD oils:
CBD oil is usually consumed sublingually, meaning the mucous membrane absorbs it under your tongue, and from there, finally enters into the bloodstream.
Unlike other forms of drugs, such as pills, sublingual medications enter the bloodstream quickly and in high concentrations because of the increased vascularity of the cheeks and gums. A few benefits of sublingual consumption include:
- No Ensuing Smell
- Very Convenient & Fast
Even if CBD or THC concentrations in cannabis oils are tiny, this method of consumption can induce quick and favourable effects.
You can also take CBD oil orally. Instead of holding the oil drops under your tongue, you can also swallow them. Drugs have different metabolizations when eaten compared to when absorbed under the tongue.
When you orally consume cannabis oil, the way that CBD or THC affects your body becomes similar to an edible or capsule, i.e., the onset is delayed, and it lasts longer. Experiment with different ways of consuming cannabis oils to find the right balance for your condition.
Another common way of consuming CBD oil is adding it to your smoothies. CBD oil can make a good mixture with mango because they share a substance called myrcene. You may add a few drops of CBD oil to your favourite smoothie recipe and enjoy.
Cannabis tea is becoming more popular every day. Some teas have different amino acids together with other balancing compounds found in essential oils. This mixture can already act as a stress reducer. Adding a few drops of CBD oil to your tea can induce dual benefits: calm and ease.
While or After Baking
A classic way to consume CBD is by adding a few drops of CBD oil to your baked goods, preferably in combination with organic MCT oil. When you use cannabis plant extract as oil, no taste will contaminate the flavour of your favourite baked goods.
But remember that heating the CBD oil to temperatures exceeding 280 degrees Fahrenheit will burn the THC. So, either use low temperatures when baking or add CBD oils after baking.
If you add cannabis oil to your cooking oils─ olive, canola, or organic MCT oil (coconut)─ you can homologously inject CBD (THC) into your meal. A few suitable mixtures candidates include:
- Sauteed Vegetables
- Marinated Meat
- Roasted Potatoes or Vegetables
- Salad Dressing
Again, don’t forget about temperature; the heat shouldn’t exceed 100 degrees celsius.
Cannabis Oil & Drug Testing
CBD doesn’t pose intoxicating effects and isn’t an illegal controlled substance. Therefore, drug tests don’t apply for CBD, but people using CBD products (such as cannabis oils) may still fail a drug test. Cannabis oils with improper labelling or considerable quantities of THC lead to positive tests.
CBD oil used for recreational use may contain more than 5% THC. This amount of THC is indeed considerable and can result in a positive drug test.
Is It Legal to Buy CBD Oil in Canada
According to the Canadian Cannabis Act, CBD Products are legal in Canada. Cannabidiol (CBD) isn’t psychoactive, and it doesn’t produce THC ‘high,’ the primary psychoactive component of cannabis. Therefore, CBD is legal in Canada, and it’s been utilized in various treatments of medical conditions in the Canadian CBD market.
Cannabidiol is a controlled substance according to United Nations drug control conventions. Just like the controlled status of CBD internationally, CBD is also a controlled substance in Canada and other jurisdictions. Therefore, producers of CBD products should follow all rules and requirements applied to cannabis under the associated regulations. It includes both industrial hemp plants as well as CBD derived from other natural sources of cannabis.
CBD products—inclusive of CBD oil in Canada—are subject to requirements applying to cannabis according to the Cannabis Act. A processing license is a must to manufacture or sell CBD products, no matter what the origin of the CBD is.
Health Canada regulates the production of CBD products. CBD products, including Canadian CBD oil, can only be sold by a:
- Provincially or territorially-authorized cannabis retailer
- Federally-licensed seller of cannabis for medical purposes
CBD oil is one of the five types of cannabis products legally sold in Canada by authorized retailers (at the provincial and territorial levels). These five types are:
- Cannabis Oil
- Fresh Cannabis
- Dried Cannabis
- Cannabis Seeds
- Cannabis Plants
What About Other Countries?
In the U.S., 36 states and D.C. have made medical marijuana legal. The remaining 14 states have all passed laws that allow the use of cannabidiol (CBD) extract, typically in oil form, with minimal or no THC content. This compromise was granted as an attempt to treat epilepsy or seizures in seriously ill children.
In almost every European country, CBD is legal; however, there are some exceptions. Even though the European Union considers CBD a novel substance, it limits access to CBD products. Although rules are changing, the European CBD market is expanding as dozens of new CBD brands enter every month.
How to Assess the Quality of Cannabis Oil When Buying It
Cannabis oils aren’t created equally. Like dry flowers, cannabis oils differ significantly in their THC & CBD concentration, producing a broad spectrum of effects. When experimenting with your balance, you must carefully read the percentages and track your tolerance levels.
Canada has limited the amount of THC allowed per millilitre of oil, but no restriction is imposed on CBD potency since it’s non-intoxicating. Furthermore, due partly to Health Canada’s laws, adding flavours or scents to CBD oil is forbidden, resulting in a taste similar to conventional oils.
The natural taste of these oils is perhaps best described as earthy or floral. As cannabis oils may also contain grape seed, coconut (organic MCT oil), sunflower, or olive oil, their flavours often dominate the palate.
Health Benefits of Cannabis Oil
All cannabinoids, inclusive of CBD, affect the body by interacting with specific receptors in the brain or immune system. Our body also produces some cannabinoids on its own. It’s been suggested that CBD makes the body use more of its cannabinoids resulting in the therapeutic effects associated with CBD.
With edible cannabis oils, you can avoid exposing your lungs to combustion heat and the material resulting from smoking bongs, joints, or pipes.
Just like the cannabis Sativa plant, our body produces endocannabinoids. This product is regulated by the cell-signalling system (ECS) in our body. Endocannabinoid receptors functioning in our brains and immune systems translate chemical signals from different stimuli.
The ECS system receives and translates signals from cannabinoids, regulating functions like pain, immune-system responses, and sleep. This process triggers some anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Furthermore, the best CBD oil can help people suffering from chronic pain, e.g., chronic back pain.
Pre-clinical studies have revealed that cannabis oils can play a specific role in relieving symptoms caused by chronic or neuropathic pain, muscle pain, spinal cord injuries, and arthritis.
Arthritis Pain Relief: Research suggests that CBD topical gel can help soothe arthritis pain without noticeable side effects.
Multiple Sclerosis (M.S.) Pain Relief: CBD products can have some benefits for autoimmune conditions like multiple sclerosis. Muscle spasms due to M.S. can be so intense and cause permanent pain.
It’s also shown that it may have some benefits regarding M.S. and treat intractable cancer pain. Cannabis oils with high CBD contents could reduce the degree of muscle spasms a person feels. Many people using CBD products reported a reduction in M.S. symptoms.
Cancer Treatment Relief: For most cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, there are some side effects, including pain, nausea, and loss of appetite. CBD can manage pain caused by cancer and cancer treatment.
Studies have shown that cancer patients find relief after ingesting combination THC-CBD extract oral sprays. Over the last couple of years, research conducted on mice demonstrated that CBD could be a potential treatment for malignant melanoma.
Chronic Pain Relief: Since 2900 B.C., people worldwide have used cannabis for medicinal purposes like pain relief. It’s been suggested that cannabinoids are the main components of cannabis with pain-relieving effects.
A study examining 4,743 people found moderate evidence that cannabinoids reduce chronic pain. Nowadays, more research is being funded to reveal the potential of cannabinoids in pain management. New clinical trials are being conducted to test CBD for chronic pain, particularly neuropathic pain individually.
Depression & Anxiety
Depression and anxiety can drastically influence an individual’s mental health and well-being. Patients usually take pharmaceutical drugs to treat depression and anxiety. These drugs, however, can cause side effects like agitation, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, headache, and drowsiness.
Moreover, some drugs, Benzodiazepines, for example, are addictive and may induce substance abuse. Best CBD oil is commonly used as a treatment for depression and anxiety. This natural approach has also been used to treat insomnia and anxiety in children who have post-traumatic stress disorder.
According to animal studies, cannabis oil can have antidepressant-like effects due to its CBD. These qualities are most likely related to an optimized content of CBD and its ability to act on a person’s brain’s receptors for serotonin. The neurotransmitter serotonin controls our mood and social behaviour, plus feelings such as happiness and brain functioning.
Reducing Epileptic Seizures
Epidiolex (cannabidiol) treats seizures in two rare and severe epilepsy types: Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome in people aged two years and older. CBD may help people with other, more common forms of epilepsy, but more research is needed to confirm this.
Potential Risks & Side Effects of Cannabis Oil
As far as we know, CBD doesn’t cause severe side effects, but its use carries some risks. Though it’s often well-tolerated, some side effects are still possible, including changes in body weight, reduced appetite, diarrhea, dry mouth, drowsiness, and fatigue. CBD can also interfere with other drugs you’re taking, such as blood thinners.
Slight side effects like strong odour and dry mouth can be avoided using oils as an alternative consumption method. Additionally, pregnant, breastfeeding, or taking any medication are strongly recommended not to use CBD products at all.
Determination of benefits and risks associated with the consumption of CBD oils requires clinical trials. But these trials would be expensive and take considerable time, so that reliable clinical data won’t be available soon.
People are (and will be) using many CBD products because they can’t do without them. Nevertheless, it’s of utmost importance we demand that policymakers mandate and producers provide accurate and proper labelling.
The precise labelling, together with complementary descriptive instructions and guaranteed lab-tested results, will detail what each CBD product does to our body, the exact ratio of ingredients, and how it was manufactured.
Having regulatory control over CBD products and consumption can perhaps serve as a short-term solution. The CBD manufacturers should provide consumers with the exact composition of CBD products (maybe not limited to just CBD or THC) so that they can make a clear judgment about the potential therapeutic effects, risks, and legality of cannabis extracts.
From research, we know that misleading labels and harmful contaminants are actual issues associated with CBD products. Excellent third-party labs capable of providing analytical methodology are already available.
These labs can help producers optimize the composition and understand the unrestrained cannabinoid Canadian market. This approach will keep producers accountable for the quality and safety of their CBD products. Thereupon, we can add regular professional audits and inspections to this approach.
Finally, by mounting a critical crackdown on unsubstantiated health claims, we can ultimately have an excellent system ensuring that CBD products can be used responsibly by people who need them. By then, much-needed clinical data should hopefully emerge.
Know Your Limits & Stay Safe; Consumption Tips
Having understood the basics of CBD oil, let’s explore some practical consumption tips.
How Much CBD Oil to Consume
Start low and go slow. The manufacturing of CBD oil is new and not yet a fully established industry. Therefore, it’s difficult to determine the proper dosage compared to dried cannabis. Health Canada has created a criterion called the Equivalency Factor to help customers understand the difference between oils.
According to this factor, a manufacturer with a proper license who sells fresh CBD oil must quantitatively determine the amount of marijuana or oil equivalent to one gram of dried marijuana.
Optimizing the ratio of THC: CBD is a difficult task since individuals customize dosage based on their needs; remember that oils/edibles impact each person differently.
Similar to three grams of dry flower, which you’d likely consume over an entire day, you won’t want to take all of your daily oil at once. Sometimes, even for those individuals who take multiple grams of cannabis dry flower per day, the equivalent CBD oil may be excessive.
Don’t take a second dose until four total hours have passed since taking your first one. The effects of the best CBD oil can last up to 6-10 hours, depending on the dose you take and the way your body reacts.
Even the best expert guidance isn’t equivalent to responsible, personalized experimentation for finding the best-fit dose and CBD oil product for your needs. Everyone has a different biochemistry and endocannabinoid system.
THC: CBD Ratios
Cannabis oils are offered in Canada with a ratio of THC: CBD per mg/mL listed directly on the container. Here below are rough descriptions of some familiar THC: CBD ratios:
- THC: CBD ratio of 1:0 leads to strong psychotropic effects
- THC: CBD ratio of 2:1 leads to relatively strong psychotropic effects
- Ratio 1:1 has relaxing, light psychotropic effects
- Ratio 1:2 is relaxing and has minor or no psychotropic effects
- Ratio 0:1 has no psychotropic effects at all. It’s common for therapeutic use.
For example, a carefully crafted ratio of 1:1 can combine the properties of THC and CBD most favourably; a MARY’S – 1000MG THC: CBD OIL (1:1) is an excellent example of such a ratio.
Very important: You should never smoke or vaporize CBD oil. Heating CBD oil above 280 degrees Fahrenheit will change the chemical composition and potency of the cannabinoids. Here are some further tips for consuming CBD oil:
- Get Comfortable. Consume your CBD oil in a comfortable, safe environment with people you trust, especially when it’s your first time trying CBD oils. Try it with someone you know well, preferably someone who has used CBD oil before and knows what to expect.
- Take Your Time. The potency of CBD oils can change considerably from one oil to the next. Users’ body weight, tolerance, frequency of usage, and recent meals are among the factors significantly affecting potency.
You should be able to predict the strength. Cannabis oils act slow and last long. Start with a small dose and wait at least four hours before taking another dose. Now the experience can last between 4-8 hours on average.
- In sublingual or oral consumption, you take the THC/CBD content by placing drops under your tongue. This way of consumption is quicker than eating but still slower than smoking or vaping. Take this into consideration and plan accordingly.
- Know Your Limits. CBD oil is perhaps the only cannabis product where you know the precise dosage of cannabis. It’s necessary to know exactly how much cannabis your body needs for achieving an optimized experience.
- Know Your Substance. All producers of CBD oils in Canada should provide their Equivalency Factor associated with their products. This factor accurately measures the number of grams of each cannabinoid (THC & CBD) in every millilitre of oil.
- Don’t Take Too Much. Always try to measure the dose and control how much you’re taking. Take CBD oil responsibly, and remember, you can always take more, but you can never go back to take less.
- Concentration is Key. Just like dried flowers and buds, all CBD oils contain different concentrations of THC and CBD. If you’re not sure, experiment slowly and see what’s suitable for your body.
Try oils with lower THC content. To make sure what dosage is ideal for you, look at the guide available from the product or ask a medical professional.
- If you’re taking CBD oil with any other drug, they can interfere with each other.
- When feeling distressed, upset, emotional, anxious, or depressed, don’t consume CBD oils. Psychoactive, mind-altering substances (THC in particular) can amplify these feelings.
- To prepare your body and mind, meditate or do some exercises before taking the oil.
- It’s not wise to take your oils on an empty stomach. Eat well beforehand and allow the food to digest. Have snacks regularly.
Where To Buy Cannabis Oil
Many CBD dispensaries sell their products across Canada. If you buy CBD oil online, you’ll find numerous brands in line with your needs. When choosing the best CBD oil in Canada, the sheer volume of options makes it complicated to pick a specific product, especially when you feel you don’t know enough about it or want to try luxury CBD products.
Of course, you’re not expected to know about everything you want to buy. We must let you know what you need to, and our brand and reputation are two important factors that speak about the quality and safety of our CBD products. Our company, the Pokebud, is a reputable worldwide name with a constantly growing customer base.
Pokebud is a leading online dispensary providing mail-order delivery services for its full spectrum of CBD products online throughout Canada. We also offer same-day product delivery in Vancouver.
You can browse our large selection of cannabis oils, including MARY’S – 250MG CBD OIL developed to fit your needs and preferences. The CBD oils offered are thoroughly lab-tested to ensure quality and purity.
If you wish to experience the unique feeling of the best CBD oil in Canada with optimum THC: CBD contents, accurate labelling, and pure contaminants, please contact us and give our premium quality products a try.